Improving access to safe and appealing water and promoting its intake in public spaces could offer a way of addressing the racial/ethnic and income-related disparities seen in intake of sugary drinks and water, and associated health conditions.
The goal of this study is to understand how new water station installation and multicultural water promotion in parks affects beverage consumption.
30 parks in low-income neighborhoods in Oakland and San Francisco
10 intervention parks in San Francisco neighborhoods slated to receive water stations and water promotion
10 control parks in San Francisco and 10 control parks in Oakland that will not receive water stations or water promotion
4-day long observations of park visitors’ beverage consumption habits
Audits of beverage access in parks, including drinking water sources
Assessment of beverage-related promotion and marketing within parks
Surveys of randomly selected park visitors to examine their overall beverage consumption habits and attitudes about drinking water
Baseline observations and surveys were conducted in Oakland and San Francisco from May to July 2016
Follow-up data collection pending
Study findings can help policymakers, city planners, and public health officials understand how improvements in water access/water promotion in parks and public spaces affect the public’s perception of drinking water and their beverage intake patterns.
Mount Zion Health Fund
San Francisco Foundation
Stanford Diabetes Research Center
W.K. Kellogg Foundation